The Holy Spirit


  1. What happened to the disciples of Jesus on the Pentecost?

Fulfillment of the promise of Jesus which He mentioned in:

Acts 1:4-5. And while staying with them he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, “you heard from me; for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.” and Acts 1:8. But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”

They were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking in tongues.


  1. What effect did the Holy Spirit have upon the disciples in Acts 2?

With the manifestation of the Holy Spirit and its power, this strengthened the disciples of Christ more.  The power was made evident in the congregation and more believers were brought to God. More souls were saved and the Word was made known to more people.

A great evidence is more on Peter as He boldly and confidently declared the Word of God and Jesus’ power to the people. Peter delivered a sermon at the Pentecost after he heard that others were mocking those who are filled with the Holy Spirit to be have been filled with wine.

Acts 2:14 But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them: “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words.


Along with the other prophets, they became witnesses and shared the gospel and their own account in their communion with Christ. They began to prophesy as what Peter foretold in Acts 2:18-19. even on my male servants and female servants. in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophesy. And I will show wonders in the heavens above. and signs on the earth below,  blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke;

 Holy Spirit

  1. The Holy Spirit is a person
  • Part of the Holy Trinity:

The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit…all these three are taken collectively.  The Holy Spirit is a person and has a persona, a character of its own. We should think of the Trinity as similar to our body which has the physical body itself, then the soul and the spirit. They can be described separately but are co-existing and functioning harmoniously as one.

  • The Spirit of God already existed since Genesis . When God spoke the word, everything came in to existence.
  • The Holy Spirit is the “Breath of God”:

In the Old Testament, He created the first man and gave him life through His breath. Genesis 2:7  “then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature”

  • From the Genesis  of the Old testament to the baptism of Jesus Christ in the New Testament:

 Luke 3:16. John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire

Mark 1:10-11 And when he came up out of the water, immediately he saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. And a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”

  • He is not a force, a thing or an influence:

He is a person who gives wisdom, speaks to your heart, disciplines, guides. He enters into your heart and dwells there  if you welcome Him. He restores your soul and cleanses you of you let Him. The Holy Spirit also has emotions and expresses them. Ephesians 4:30. And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

He is a teacher, a Helper. He is the Spirit of God that was sent to us, for us.  In John 14:25-26  “These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.

Because of the Word and the Holy Spirit, we are able to discern what’s right and what’s wrong. The Holy Spirit convicts us, disciplines us, guides us so we won’t stumble and if we did, we will be able to get up and persevere.


  • We find Him at the Creation

The Spirit gave life to the creation. As mentioned in Genesis 1:2 “ The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.”

The heavens and the earth are designed by the creative work of the spirit. For God to perform the miracle of creating the earth and the universe, He did this His Spirit. His Spirit has always been there since the beginning of time. This only confirms that we can call upon the Holy Spirit as He knows the past, the present, and the future.


  • We find Him in new birth

No one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and spirit.

John 3:5-7.  Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’

This is what Jesus explained when asked how one can see the Kingdom of God.  Baptism with water will be fully completed once we are baptised with the Spirit. Once we are born again.

  • The presence of the Holy Spirit within the heart of a believer is the very presence of God in his heart.

If you have the Holy Spirit, you have God. We are all sinners and we are redeemed through the cross when Jesus die for us. And everyday, we should seek for His forgiveness for our wrongdoings. And with that, we should continually seek for His Spirit to dwell in our body and aim for His righteousness. In His righteousness, He will bring us out of trouble.

Romans 8:9-11.  You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness. If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you.


  • We find Him in the renewing of the Christian

The Holy Spirit who dwells inside us is transforming us

He leads us in the process of transformation and directs us towards that direction of following Christ.

This journey will be completed at the second coming.

  • We should live by the Spirit. How? How can the Spirit transform us from within?

This is letting the Holy Spirit do His work in our lives as He dwells in our hearts. This will involve an ultimate change of hearts as we accept Christ, a renewal of minds, a complete transformation of our whole being. This involves letting go of our pride and ego and humbling ourselves . Our day-to-goal no longer focuses on selfish ambitions and our intentions are no longer influenced by this world but rather to seek first the kingdom of God. And all of these can only be possible if we allow the Holy Spirit enter our hearts and act upon us.

As per Romans 12:2 “Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will “We need to always be sensitive to the voice of the Spirit and practise in the living in the presence of God.